5. Pretrial Motions
Before a trial begins, the prosecution and defense may file any number of motions with the court. A motion is a formal request to a judge to issue an order. These may include motions to suppress the introduction of evidence of a defendant’s prior convictions, motions to suppress evidence, or requests for discovery. If a defendant would like to file a motion, it must be done at least 7 days before the trial and must be in writing. All motions should be heard and decided by the judge before a trial can proceed.